This is the sermon for Wednesday, April 21st 2010.

John part 83

The death of our Savior.

John 19:17-30.

John 19:17-30 HCSB – 17 Carrying His own cross, He went out to what is called Skull Place, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him and two others with Him, one on either side, with Jesus in the middle. 19 Pilate also had a sign lettered and put on the cross. The inscription was: JESUS THE NAZARENE THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 Many of the Jews read this sign, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Don’t write, ‘The King of the Jews, ‘ but that He said, ‘I am the King of the Jews.’ “22 Pilate replied, “What I have written, I have written.” 23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took His clothes and divided them into four parts, a part for each soldier. They also took the tunic, which was seamless, woven in one piece from the top. 24 So they said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it, to see who gets it.” [They did this] to fulfill the Scripture that says: They divided My clothes among themselves, and they cast lots for My clothing. And this is what the soldiers did. 25 Standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw His mother and the disciple He loved standing there, He said to His mother, ” Woman, here is your son.” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” And from that hour the disciple took her into his home. 28 After this, when Jesus knew that everything was now accomplished that the Scripture might be fulfilled, He said, “I’m thirsty!” 29 A jar full of sour wine was sitting there; so they fixed a sponge full of sour wine on hyssop and held it up to His mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

INTRODUCTION

We are now going to be looking at the event that should be so precious to us – Jesus death on the cross for our sins.

As we study this event and unpack what John says about it, let’s not forget the holiness of this moment in time.  It is my prayer that after studying this passage we will be ever more grateful for the salvation given to us through Christ’s suffering and death.

Dead man walking.

John 19:17 HCSB – Carrying His own cross, He went out to what is called Skull Place, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha.

There was a movie that came out several years ago entitled, “Dead man walking.”  According to the movie, this what the guards would say at death row as the prisoner about to die is walking to the place of his death.

Essentially, this is the same type thing with Jesus.  After He had been sentence by Pilate, verse 16 says, “Therefore they took Jesus away…” Jesus didn’t wait in some prison cell or something equivalent to our death row for His sentence to be carried out; but they took Him immediately.

Verse 17 says, “….carrying His own cross…” The walk to Golgotha, His place of death, was not a peaceful walk where Jesus could reflect on His life, there were throngs of people hurling insults and abuse toward Him.  Why can I say this?  Well, Luke provides us with some additional information, plus Isaiah prophesies this as well.

Isaiah 50:6 HCSB – I gave My back to those who beat Me, and My cheeks to those who tore out My beard.  I did not hide My face from scorn and spitting.

Sometime during this walk, Jesus was possibly overcome by the weight of the cross, not to mention the weight of our sin that He was bearing.  So the Roman soldiers get Simon of Cyrene to carry Christ’s cross.

Luke 23:26 HCSB – As they led Him away, they seized Simon, a Cyrenian, who was coming in from the country, and laid the cross on him to carry behind Jesus.

They go to what the HCSB calls, “Skull Place, which in Hebrew is called Golgotha.” Golgotha literally means, “the skull.”

Jesus is crucified.

John 19:18 HCSB – There they crucified Him and two others with Him, one on either side, with Jesus in the middle.

These two others Jesus was crucified with weren’t men of renown, but criminals.

What we know about the two criminals.

  • Both mocked Jesus (Matthew 27:44).
  • One called out to Jesus and was saved (Luke 23:39-43).

Matthew 27:44 HCSB – In the same way even the criminals who were crucified with Him kept taunting Him.

Luke 23:39-43 HCSB – 39 Then one of the criminals hanging there began to yell insults at Him: “Aren’t You the Messiah? Save Yourself and us!” 40 But the other answered, rebuking him: “Don’t you even fear God, since you are undergoing the same punishment? 41 We are punished justly, because we’re getting back what we deserve for the things we did, but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom!” 43 And He said to him, ” I assure you: Today you will be with Me in paradise.”

Pilate posts a sign, which infuriates the Jews.

John 19:19-22 HCSB – 19 Pilate also had a sign lettered and put on the cross. The inscription was: JESUS THE NAZARENE THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 Many of the Jews read this sign, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Don’t write, ‘The King of the Jews, ‘ but that He said, ‘I am the King of the Jews.’ “22 Pilate replied, “What I have written, I have written.”

Pilate puts up a sign for everyone to see; it is attached to the cross and it reads, “Jesus the Nazarene, the king of the Jews.” To make sure that it could be read by all he had it written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek.

Pilate did not post this sign because he believed it, but to mock both Jesus and the Jews and all who would dare to oppose Rome.

The Chief Priests are angered and want clarification written on the sign, “Don’t write, ‘the King of the Jews,’ but that He said, ‘I am the King of the Jews.’”

What Pilate and the Chief Priests are not aware of is the fact that by writing this declaration, even in a mocking fashion, Pilate was acknowledging Christ’s true rule.  Something similar happens when non-believers take the Lord’s name in vain and use it as some form of cursing; it is evidence that there really is a God, and that Christ really is Savior.

Pilate’s response to the Chief Priests is short and to the point, “What I have written, I have written.”

Even the soldiers fulfill Scripture.

John 19:23-24 HCSB – 23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took His clothes and divided them into four parts, a part for each soldier. They also took the tunic, which was seamless, woven in one piece from the top. 24 So they said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it, to see who gets it.” [They did this] to fulfill the Scripture that says: They divided My clothes among themselves, and they cast lots for My clothing. And this is what the soldiers did.

Here is the Scripture the soldiers fulfilled.

Psalm 22:18 HCSB – They divided my garments among themselves, and they cast lots for my clothing.

How did they divide Christ’s clothes into four parts?

  • Outer tunic.
  • Possibly His sandals.
  • Possibly His prayer shawl.  All good Jewish men had one.
  • Possibly waist band or sash.

The soldiers literally gambled for His clothing.  Casting lots was similar to our rolling the dice to determine things.

Christ’s loving care for His mother.

John 19:25-27 HCSB – 25 Standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw His mother and the disciple He loved standing there, He said to His mother, ” Woman, here is your son.” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” And from that hour the disciple took her into his home.

While the disciples abandoned Christ, all by one, probably John, and these four women did not.  They stood at the foot of the cross watching and grieving and they probably hung on every word He spoke.

This is an amazing moment.  Jesus is struggling for breath, and yet He takes the time to show concern for His mother and He also shows His trust in John.

Jesus dies.

John 19:28-30 HCSB – 28 After this, when Jesus knew that everything was now accomplished that the Scripture might be fulfilled, He said, “I’m thirsty!” 29 A jar full of sour wine was sitting there; so they fixed a sponge full of sour wine on hyssop and held it up to His mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

Earlier during the crucifixion scene, the soldiers tried to give Jesus a drink, but He didn’t take it.

Mark 15:23 HCSB – They tried to give Him wine mixed with myrrh, but He did not take it.

The reason He didn’t take it then is because it was drugged with myrrh to help with the pain.  I believe that Jesus wanted to feel the full weight of pain for our sin.

Now He takes the drink and fulfills Scripture by doing so.

Psalm 69:21 HCSB – Instead, they gave me gall for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

After finishing drinking from the sponge, Jesus says, “It is finished.”

It is finished

  • Greek word teleo (tel-eh`-o).
  • To end, complete, execute, conclude, discharge a debt, accomplish, fill up, pay, perform.

In Greek grammar, “It is finished,” is a PERFECT PASSIVE INDICATIVE; which is used to indicate, not what someone did, but what that someone under went as a result of someone else’s action.  In other words, Jesus suffered the tortures of the cross because of our actions – our sins.

Teleo was also a term used during the time of Christ for financial transactions.  It meant, “The debt was paid in full.”

The payment we owed to God for our sin was fully paid by Jesus Christ.

CONCLUSION

We are going to end here tonight.

Principles learned from the text:

  • The debt we owed God is because of our sin.
  • Christ came to experience the full wrath of God in our place.
  • That sin debt has been fully paid, not by us, but by Jesus Christ.

What a wonderful Savior we serve.

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