This is the sermon for Sunday, June 13th, 2010.

From slavery to sonship.

Galatians 4:4-5.

Galatians 4:4-5 ESV – 4But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.


This morning we are going to start off with some plain spoken truth: none of us was born free.  We have all been born slaves, and our slavery is to sin.  This slavery was a life long slavery that took us to the grave in fear.  Why in fear?  Because we were helpless to redeem ourselves and purchase our freedom.  Left to our own devices, death meant an eternity in hell for all of us!

But thanks be to God we have not been left to our own devices.  Jesus Christ, our Redeemer has come!  Notice what the writer of Hebrews says.

Hebrews2:14-15 ESV – 14Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil, 15and deliver all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong slavery.

What a wonderful truth that I never get tired of hearing of, nor proclaiming!  It is the truth of the Gospel and the very power of God!

What brought us from slavery to sonship?  None other than the sacrificial death and resurrection of Jesus Christ!

This morning we are going to be looking at six truths within Galatians 4:4-5 concerning the coming of Christ.  Let’s begin.

The timing of His coming.

Galatians 4:4 ESV – When the fullness of time had come…

Let’s do a Greek word study.


  • Greek word pleroma (play’-ro-mah).
  • Completion, what fills, what is filled.

The New English Translation says, “The appropriate time.”


  • Greek word Chronos (khron’-os).
  • A space of time which designates a fixed or special occasion; an individual opportunity.

Had come:

  • Greek word erchomai (er’-khom-ahee).
  • To come on the scene, to accompany, to appear, to enter.

This phrase, “The fullness of time had come,” implies that God is in control of history and that Jesus came at God’s perfect timing: not a day late; not a day too soon.

Notice Jesus own words.

Mark 1:14-15 ESV – 14 Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, 15and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.”

The origin of His coming.

Galatians 4:4 ESV – God sent forth his Son…

This short phrase speaks volumes.  Here is a quote from the Reformed Expository Commentary on Galatians (page 160), “The fact that the Son was sent shows that He existed before He was born in Bethlehem.  His sending from heaven thus declares His divine nature.”

The way of His coming.

Galatians 4:4 ESV – … born of woman…

Here is another quote from the Reformed Expository Commentary on Galatians (pages 160-161), “Whereas the word, ‘sent’ implies His eternal deity, the word, ‘born’ declares His true humanity.”  Jesus was both fully God and fully man.  This is a cardinal doctrine that needs to be proclaimed loudly.  In fact, it is one of the tests we biblically use to distinguish truth from error.

1 John 4:1-6 ESV – 1Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, for many false prophets have gone out into the world. 2By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, 3and every spirit that does not confess Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you heard was coming and now is in the world already. 4Little children, you are from God and have overcome them, for he who is in you is greater than he who is in the world. 5 They are from the world; therefore they speak from the world, and the world listens to them. 6We are from God. Whoever knows God listens to us; whoever is not from God does not listen to us. By this we know the Spirit of truth and the spirit of error.

The condition of His coming.

Galatians 4:4 ESV – … born under the law…

Why was Jesus born under the law?  To do what we cannot; to live and die in perfect obedience to God’s Law, in order to fulfill it.

The purpose of His coming.

Galatians 5:5 ESV – … to redeem those who were under the law…


  • Greek word exagorazo (ex-ag-or-ad’-zo).
  • To buy up, to ransom, to rescue from loss.

He purchased us out of the slavery of the curse of sin.  How?  By His atoning sacrifice.

Galatians 3:13 ESV – Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”.

This was a price we could never pay.  Only a sinless person can redeem and rescue sinners – which is what Jesus Christ did.

The promise from His coming – adoption.

Galatians 4:5 ESV – … so that we might receive adoption as sons.

Galatians 4:5 NET – …so that we may be adopted as sons with full rights.

Galatians 4:5 ALT – The former and legal declaration that we are His children.

This is done when God grants us faith in Jesus.

Galatians 3:26 ESV – … for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith.


As Christians, we are no longer slaves to our old nature.  Christ bought us with His precious blood.  We are now children of God.  May this truth be the anchor for your souls in every difficult situation.